Fumaria densiflora, Fumaria bracteosa, Dense-flowered fumitory,
Hebrew: עשנן צפוף, Arabic: شاهترج

Scientific name:  Fumaria densifloraDC. var.parlatoriana
Synonym name:  Fumaria bracteosa Pomel
Common name:  Dense-flowered fumitory
Hebrew name:   עשנן צפוף
Arabic name:  شاهترج
Family:  Fumariaceae, עשנניים

Wild Flowers in Israel

Life form:  Annual
Stems:  20–60 cm high; branched, generally glabrous, spreading or erect; sap colorless
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette, dissected twice or more, dentate or serrate
Inflorescence:  Terminal raceme
Flowers:  Purple with white; sepals 2.5–3.5 mm long, broader than corolla; corolla 6–7 mm long
Fruits / pods:  Capsule, 1-seeded, with neck equalling pedicel tip, wrinkled
Flowering Period:   January, February, March, April, May
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:   Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Fumaria densiflora, Fumaria bracteosa, Dense-flowered fumitory, עשנן צפוף, Fumariaceae, עשנניים


Derivation of the botanical name:
Fumaria, Latin fumus terrae, "smoke of the earth" and may refers to the smoky odour of some species in this genus or the smoky colour of some species when in flower.
densiflora, densely flowered.
  • The standard author abbreviation DC. is used to indicate Augustin Pyramus de Candolle (1778 – 1841), a Swiss botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Pomel. is used to indicate Auguste Nicolas Pomel (1821 - 1898), a French geologist and paleontologist.

Fumaria densiflora, Fumaria bracteosa, Dense-flowered fumitory, עשנן צפוף,شاهترج,  Fumariaceae, עשנניים


Fumaria densiflora, Fumaria bracteosa, Dense-flowered fumitory, עשנן צפוף, شاهترج, Fumariaceae, עשנניים
Location: Poleg Gateway Nature Reserve