Fumaria judaica, Judean fumitory,
עשנן יהודה

Scientific name:  Fumaria judaica Boiss.
Common name:  Judean fumitory
Hebrew name:   עשנן יהודה
Family:  Fumariaceae, עשנניים

Wild flowers of Israel, Flora en Israel

Life form:  Annual
Stems:  10–70 cm, branched, generally glabrous; sap colorless
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette, dissected twice or more, dentate or serrate
Inflorescence:  Terminal raceme; usually shortly pedunculate
Flowers:  White with pink
Fruits / pods:  Capsule, 1-seeded
Flowering Period:  January, February, March, April
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Israel, Native plants, Palestine


Derivation of the botanical name:
Fumaria, Latin fumus terrae, "smoke of the earth" and may refers to the smoky odour of some species in this genus or the smoky colour of some species when in flower.
judaica, from the Hebrew יהודה, Yehudah, Judah, the name given to the mountainous southern part of the historic Land of Israel (Hebrew: ארץ ישראל‎ Eretz Yisrael).
  • The standard author abbreviation Boiss. is used to indicate Pierre Edmond Boissier (1810 – 1885), a Swiss botanist, explorer and mathematician.