Geranium rotundifolium, Round-leaved geranium, Round-leaved crane's bill,
Hebrew: גרניון עגול, Arabic: غرنوقي دائري الأوراق

Scientific name:  Geranium rotundifolium L.
Common name:  Round-leaved geranium, Round-leaved crane's bill
Hebrew name:   גרניון עגול
Arabic name:  غرنوقي دائري الأوراق
Family:  Geraniaceae, גרניים

Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور

Life form:  Annual
Stems:  Up to 30 cm high; herbaceous, roundish stems; soft, white, erect hairs
Leaves:  Alternate, dissected once, dentate or serrate
Inflorescence:  Terminal or axillary clusters of 2 short stalked flowers
Flowers:  5 pink petals, round edged; sepals not bristle-tipped; staminal filaments whitish, lanceolate; anthers yellowish; stigma reddish
Fruits / pods:  Carpels, 5 filiform mericarps with mostly erect hairs and a more or less glandular beak
Flowering Period:   February, March, April
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:  Euro-Siberian - Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Flora of Israel online, Native plants, Palestine


Derivation of the botanical name:
Geranium, Greek geranos, a crane; in allusion to the long beak of the carpels.
rotundifolium, rotundus, round, spherical; with round leaves.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
Pliny the Elder, Natural History, Book XXVI. 108: 'Geranion is called by some myrrhis and by others myrtidas. It resembles hemlock, but with smaller leaves and shorter in the stem, round, and of a pleasant taste and smell. In this way, it is described by our Roman authorities; but Greeks say that it has leaves a little lighter in colour than those of the mallow, thin stems, and downy, with branches at intervals and two spans long; on them are the leaves, among which on the tips of the stems are miniature small heads of cranes.'

Geranium rotundifolium, Round-leaved geranium,Round-leaved crane's bill, גרניון עגול, غرنوقي دائري الأوراق