Glaucium corniculatum, Chelidonium corniculatum L.,
Blackspot Hornpoppy,
Hebrew: פרגה מקרינה, Arabic: الماميثا المقرنة

Scientific name:  Glaucium corniculatum (L.) J.H.Rudolph
Synonym name:  Chelidonium corniculatum L.
Common name:  Blackspot Hornpoppy
Hebrew name:   פרגה מקרינה
Arabic name:  الماميثا المقرنة
Family:  Papaveraceae, פרגיים

Glaucium corniculatum, Chelidonium corniculatum, Blackspot Hornpoppy,الماميثا المقرنة ,פרגה מקרינה

Life form:  Annual
Stems:  Up to 50 cm; erect, branching; stiff spreading hairs
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette, dissected, dentate or serrate; hispid, glaucos
Inflorescence:  Short flower stalks
Flowers:  Sepals softly hairy; petals roundish, red with black spot at the base
Fruits / pods:  Capsule hairy, hairs pressed to the pericarpium
Flowering Period:   March, April, May
Habitat:   Shrub-steppes
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:   Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Flowers of Israel online, Native plants, Palestine, Flora


Derivation of the botanical name:
Glaucium , Horned poppy; sea poppy. From Greek glaukos, grayish-green; from the color of the leaves.
corniculatum, corniculum, little horn; helmet ornament; horned.
Chelidonium , Celandine. From the Greek chelidon, a swallow. The tradition is that the herb flowers when the swallows arrive.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation J.H.Rudolph is used to indicate J.H.Rudolph , who gives the species the name of Glaucium corniculatum.