Hordeum marinum, Hordeum geniculatum, Hordeum hystrix, Hordeum gussoneanum,
Barley-Grass, Mediterranean Barley, Seaside barley,
Hebrew: שעורה נימית, Arabic: شعير بحري

Scientific name:  Hordeum geniculatum All.
Synonym name:   Hordeum hystrix Roth, Hordeum gussoneanum Parl., Hordeum marinum Hudson ssp. gussoneanum (Parl.) Thell.
Common name:  Wall Barley, Barley-Grass, Mediterranean Barley
Hebrew name:  שעורה נימית
Arabic name:  شعير بحري
Family:  Gramineae / Poaceae, דגניים

Israel wild flowers, send flowers

Life form:  Therophyte, annual
Stems:  Culms up to 60 cm high, tufted or solitary, erect or geniculately ascending
Leaves:  Alternate, entire
Inflorescence:  2-5 cm long, 0.6-2 cm broad
Flowers:  Inflorescence: 1.5–7 cm, 5–20 mm wide, green to purple
Fruits / pods:  Caryopsis, grain
Flowering Period:   March, April, May
Habitat:   Salty habitats
Distribution:   Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:   Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Flora of Israel, Native plants, Palestine, Nature


Derivation of the botanical name:
Hordeumm, Latin name for barley.
geniculatum, bent sharply like a knee.
hystrix, bristly, porcupine-like.
gussoneanum, after Giovanni Gussone (1787-1866), an Italian botanist from Naples.
marinum, growing by or in the sea.
  • The standard author abbreviation All is used to indicate Carlo Allioni (1728 – 1804), an Italian physician and professor of botany at the University of Turin.
  • The standard author abbreviation Roth is used to indicate Albrecht Wilhelm Roth (1757 – 1834), a German physician and botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Parl. is used to indicate Filippo Parlatore (1816 – 1877), an Italian botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Hudson is used to indicate William Hudson (1730 – 1793), a British botanist and apothecary.
  • The standard author abbreviation Thell. is used to indicate Albert Thellung (1881 – 1928), a Swiss botanist.