|Scientific name:||Hyoscyamus desertorum (Aschers. ex Boiss.) Taeckh.|
|Synonym name:||Hyoscyamus albus desertorum|
|Common name:||Desert henbane|
|Hebrew name:||שיכרון המדבר, שיכרון מדברי|
|Arabic name:||البنج الصحراوي|
|Leaves:||Alternate, rosette, entire, ovate to rhombic rarely cordate based leaves which are covered all over with densely glandular hairs, dentate or serrate margin|
|Flowers:||Hermaphrodite, yellow, spinescence|
|Fruits / pods:||Capsules dehiscent by an operculum slightly distal to middle; seeds reniform or discoid, minutely pitted|
|Flowering Period:||March, April, May|
|Habitat:||Desert, Thermophilous plants|
|Distribution:||Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Hyoscyamus, Hyoskyamos, from the Greek hys, hyos, "pig" and kyamos "bean", allegedly, because pigs can eat the herb without damage.
desertorum, of the deserts.
The Hebrew name: ,שיכרון, shikaron, from Aramaic: שכרונא (= a soporific drink) — whence also Arabic: saykuran ( = henbane) — derived from שכר ( = he got drunk, got intoxicated).
In Israel there are five species of Henbane and the most common one is Hyoscyamus aureus, which we can find in the Western Wall. (see: Western Wall Flowers and Hyoscyamus aureus, Golden Henbane, שיכרון זהוב)
It is only mentioned in one place in the Bible (Joshua 15:11), in conjunction with the biblical place-name Shikrona in Judea. Shikrona is the Hebrew word for Henbane.