|Scientific name:||Hyoscyamus desertorum (Aschers. ex Boiss.) Taeckh.|
|Synonym name:||Hyoscyamus albus desertorum|
|Common name:||Desert henbane|
|Hebrew name:||שיכרון המדבר, שיכרון מדברי|
|Arabic name:||البنج الصحراوي|
|Leaves:||Alternate, rosette, entire, ovate to rhombic rarely cordate based leaves which are covered all over with densely glandular hairs, dentate or serrate margin|
|Flowers:||Hermaphrodite, yellow, spinescence|
|Fruits / pods:||Capsules dehiscent by an operculum slightly distal to middle; seeds reniform or discoid, minutely pitted|
|Flowering Period:||March, April, May|
|Habitat:||Desert, Thermophilous plants|
|Distribution:||Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Hyoscyamus, Hyoskyamos, from the Greek hys, hyos, "pig" and kyamos "bean", allegedly, because pigs can eat the herb without damage.
desertorum, of the deserts.
In Israel there are five species of Henbane and the most common one is Hyoscyamus aureus, which we can find in the Western Wall. (see: Western Wall Flowers and Hyoscyamus aureus, Golden Henbane, שיכרון זהוב)
It is only mentioned in one place in the Bible (Joshua 15:11), in conjunction with the biblical place-name Shikrona in Judea. Shikrona is the Hebrew word for Henbane.