Inula viscosa, Dittrichia viscosa, Strong-Smelling Inula,
Hebrew: טיון דביק, Arabic: نويطلا

Scientific name:  Inula viscosa (L.) Aiton
Synonym name:  Dittrichia viscosa (L.) Greuter
Common name:  False yellowhead, Strong-Smelling Inula
Hebrew name:  טיון דביק
Arabic name:   نويطلا At-Teewan
Plant Family:  Compositae / Asteraceae, מורכבים

Flowers in Israel, send flowers

Life form:  Chamaephyte
Stems:  50-150cm, often woody below, with a strong bituminous smell on bruising; stems of the plant are coated with a sticky resin
Leaves:  Alternate, narrowly lanceolate to oblong, pointed or acuminate, entire, dentate or serrate, stalkless, sticky
Flowers:  Yellow heads, campanulate, in loose pyramidical panicles: rays c.1cm; involucral bracts linear; apressed
Fruits / pods:  Cypselae; spindle-shaped, hairy; pappus-hairs whitish
Flowering Period:  July, August, September, October, November, December
Habitat:  Riparian
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:   Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Perennating

Dittrichia viscosa,Inula viscosa, Strong-Smelling Inula, טיון דביק, نويطلا

Derivation of the botanical name:
inula, from Helen of Troy, being fabled to have sprung up from the ground where her tears were supposed to have fallen.
viscosa, sticky, clammy; referring mainly to the sticky exudate from the glandular hairs.
Dittrichia, named for the German botanist Manfred Dittrich (1934- ).
The Hebrew name: טיון, tayun (New Hebrew), elecampane, inula.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Greuter is used to indicate Werner Rodolfo Greuter (born 1938), a Swiss national, and prominent botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Aiton is used to indicate William Aiton (1731 – 1793), a Scottish botanist.
See the list of Medicinal herbs in Israel, the parts used and their medical uses to treat various diseases.

Wilde Flora van Israel