Iris atropurpurea, Coastal Iris,
Hebrew: איריס הארגמן, Arabic: السوسن، آحيلة الكلب

Scientific name:  Iris atropurpurea Dinsmore
Common name:  Coastal Iris
Hebrew name:  אירוס הארגמן
Arabic name:   السوسن، آحيلة الكلب
Family:  Iridaceae, אירוסיים

פרחים וצמחי בר בארץ ישראל: אירוס הארגמן

Life form:  Geophyte
Stems:  Rhizome moderately stout; 15-25 cm high
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette, linear, glaucescent, falcate, entire, smooth
Flowers:  Red, brown; 3 upright petals (standards), 3 large, pendent or spreading petals, (falls); Sepals have a broad yellow beard and a signal patch that is a deeper color than the sepal background
Fruits / pods:  Capsule
Flowering Period:   January, February, March, April
Habitat:  Sand
Distribution:   The Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands
Summer shedding:  ephemeral

Iris atropurpurea, Coastal Iris, السوسن، آحيلة الكلب, איריס הארגמן


Derivation of the botanical name:
Iris, ιριϛ, ιδοϛ, rainbow; female messenger, announcer of the gods, the Greek goddess of the rainbow.
atropurpurea, atro, black, sable, dark, gloomy; purpurea, purple coloured; meaning dark purple.
  • The standard author abbreviation Dinsmore is used to indicate John Edward Dinsmore (1862 - 1951), who moved from Maine to Jerusalem in the 1890's to join a Protestant commune called The American Colony.
Oncocyclus is a section within the Subgenus Iris. Oncocyclus, Greek onco, swollen; with a circular swelling; refers to the fleshy aril on the seeds of these plants.

Link: Iris Nature Reserve Netanya 2007
Link: Iris Nature Reserve Netanya 2008
Link: The Irises Dora Rainpool nature park, Netanya, January 26, 2012



Iris atropurpurea, Coastal Iris, السوسن، آحيلة الكلب, איריס הארגמן


Iris atropurpurea, Coastal Iris, السوسن، آحيلة الكلب, איריס הארגמן


Iris atropurpurea, Coastal Iris, السوسن، آحيلة الكلب, איריס הארגמן


Iris atropurpurea, Coastal Iris, السوسن، آحيلة الكلب, איריס הארגמן


Iris atropurpurea, Coastal Iris, السوسن، آحيلة الكلب, איריס הארגמן


Iris atropurpurea, Coastal Iris, السوسن، آحيلة الكلب, איריס הארגמן