|Scientific name:||Iris pseudacorus L.|
|Common name:||Yellow iris, Yellow Waterflag, Jacob's sword|
|Hebrew name:||אירוס ענף|
|Arabic name:||السوسن الشمالي الكاذب|
|Stems:||75-160 cm high|
|Fruits / pods:||Loculicidal capsules|
|Flowering Period:||April, May|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands|
|Chorotype:||Euro-Siberian - Med - Irano-Turanian|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Iris, ιριϛ, ιδοϛ, rainbow; female messenger, announcer of the gods, the Greek goddess of the rainbow.
pseudacorus, ψευδηϛ, false, i.e. resembling but not equalling; acorus, the generic name of the sweet sedge.
Iris pseudacorus is simply often called " segg," a corruption of the word sedge, and both derived from the Anglo-Saxon word segg, a small sword, the name being employed in obvious allusion to the long sword-shaped leaves that rise so boldly from the water. It is also called the fleur-de-lys and the yellow flag, the outer segments of the perianth fluttering in the breeze in a degree that suggested to some early writers the waving of a flag.
The Hebrew name: אירוס, iris, transliteration from the scientific name.
Link: Fleur-de-lis,fleur-de-lys, fleur-de-luce,lily flower, שושן, פלור דה ליס