Lathyrus sphaericus, Lathyrus coccineus, Slender Wild-pea,
Hebrew: טופח כדורי, Arabic: الجلبان الكروي

Scientific name:  Lathyrus sphaericus Retz.
Synonym name:  Lathyrus coccineus All
Common name:  Slender Wild-pea
Hebrew name:  טופח כדורי
Arabic name:  الجلبان الكروي
Plant Family:  Fabaceae / Papilionaceae, פרפרניים

פרחים וצמחי בר בארץ ישראל, טופח כדורי

Life form:  Therophyte (Annuals), climber
Stems:  10-40 cm high; erect or ascending; stem glabrous, not winged
Leaves:  Alternate, smooth, leaflets 2, 2–6 cm, linear to narrowly lanceolate; tendril generally coiled; small stipules
Flowers:  Hermaphrodite; solitary axillary; peduncle 1-15 mm, calyx 5-6 mm long, corolla red, orange
Fruits / pods:  Legume pod, glabrous, longitudinally striate
Flowering Period:  April, May
Habitat:  Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Lathyrus sphaericus, Lathyrus coccineus, Slender Wild-pea, الجلبان الكروي,טופח כדורי


Derivation of the botanical name:
Lathyrus, Greek lathyros, an old name for pea.
sphaericus, σφαιρα sphaera, ball, globe, sphere; spherical.
coccineus, κοκκοϛ berry of the scarlet oak, used as a red dye; -ινηοϛ adjective suffix: composition, color; scarlet.
  • The standard author abbreviation Retz. is used to indicate Anders Johan Retzius (1742 – 1821), a Swedish chemist, botanist and entomologist.
  • The standard author abbreviation All. is used to indicate Carlo Allioni (1728 – 1804), an Italian physician and professor of botany at the University of Turin.

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