Launaea nudicaulis, Bold-Leaf Launaeae,
Hebrew: לוניאה שרועה, Arabic: حواء غنم – صفارة

Scientific name:  Launaea nudicaulis (L.) Hooker fil.
Common name:  Bold-Leaf Launaeae
Hebrew name:   לוניאה שרועה
Arabic name:  حواء غنم – صفارة
Family:  Compositae / Asteraceae, מורכבים

Flowers of the Holy Land (Israel wild flowers)
Location: Mashabei Sade

Life form:   Hemicryptophyte
Stems:  up to 40-50 cm high; several procumbent to ascending-erect, already at the basal nodes ± divaricately branched, occasionally straggling flowering stems, leafless or with a few (± reduced) leaves at the lower branching.
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette, dissected, pinnate, dentate or serrate
Inflorescence:  Synflorescence or compound inflorescence of a flowering stem ending in a single capitulum and with a variable number of flowering branches; scapose inflorescence
Flowers:  Bright yellow ligule of 8-11 x 2.2-2.6 mm and a tube 6-9 mm long; anthertube without appendages 2.8-4.0 mm long, basal appendages 0.4-0.7 mm and apical appendages 0.3-0.6 mm long; style branches 2.0-3.2 mm long usually with yellow sweeping hairs
Fruits / pods:   Achenes
Flowering Period:   April, May
Habitat:   Desert, Thermophilous plants
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:   Saharo-Arabian
Summer shedding:  Perennating

Launaea nudicaulis, Bold-Leaf Launaeae, לוניאה שרועה
Location: Mashabei Sade

Derivation of the botanical name:
Launaea, named after French lawyer Jean Claude Mien Mordant de Launay (c.1750-1816).
nudicaulis, nudus, "naked, bare, unclothed", caulis, caul adj/ καυλοϛ, stem of a plant; Bare stem.
The Hebrew name: לוניאה, Launaea, a transliteration from the scientific name.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Hooker is used to indicate William Jackson Hooker (1785 – 1865), an English systematic botanist and organiser.