Leontice leontopetalum, Rakaf, Leontice, Lion's foot, Lion's Leaf, Lion's Turnip,
Hebrew: ערטנית השדות, Arabic: رجل الأسد

Scientific name:  Leontice leontopetalum L.
Common name:  Rakaf, Leontice, Lion's Leaf, Lion's Turnip
Hebrew name:  ערטנית השדות
Arabic name:  رجل الأسد
Family:  Berberidaceae, Barberry family, ערטניתיים

Flowers and wild plants of israel

Life form:  Geophyte
Stems:   30-40cm in height, glabrous, fleshy; tuberous rhizome, stout
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette, dissected, dentate or serrate
Inflorescence:  Flowers in terminal branched racemes, a broad pyramidal spike
Flowers:  Yellow, 10-15mm, 6-8 petals
Fruits / pods:  Capsule ovoid
Flowering Period:   February, March, April
Habitat:  Shrub-steppes
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Leontice leontopetalum, Leontice, Rakaf, Lion's foot, Lion's Leaf, Lion's Turnip, ערטנית השדות, رجل الأسد


Derivation of the botanical name:
Leontice, leon, λεων, οντιϛ, a lion; referring to the shape of the leaf.
leontopetalum, Greek leonto, Lion; Latin petalum, petal; Lion's-petals.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
The tuberous roots of Leontice leontopetalum contain so much alkali that they are sometimes used as a substitute for soap.


Leontice leontopetalum, Leontice, Rakaf, Lion's foot, Lion's Leaf, Lion's Turnip, رجل الأسد ,ערטנית השדות