Leopoldia bicolor, Leopoldia maritima, Coastal leopoldia,
Hebrew: מצילות החוף, Arabic: ربيان

Scientific name:  Leopoldia bicolor (Boiss.) Eig et Feinbrun
Synonym name:  Leopoldia maritima (Desf.) Parl.
Common name:  Coastal leopoldia
Hebrew name:   מצילות החוף
Arabic name:  ربيان
Plant Family:  Liliaceae, שושניים

Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور

Life form:  Geophyte
Stems:  18-35 cm high; leafless stem
Leaves:  Rosette, entire
Inflorescence:  Flowers arranged in a spike or raceme
Flowers:  Cream, purple; upper flowers sterile
Fruits / pods:  Loculicidal capsules; (bulbs reproduce offsets)
Flowering Period:  March, April
Habitat:  Sand
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Leopoldia bicolor,Leopoldia maritima, Coastal leopoldia, מצילות החוף

Derivation of the botanical name:
Leopoldia, in honour of Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1797 – 1870).
bicolor, two-coloured.
maritima, growing by the sea.
The Hebrew name: מצילות, mazilot, lifesaver, lifeguard.
  • The standard author abbreviation Boiss. is used to indicate Pierre Edmond Boissier (1810 – 1885), a Swiss botanist, explorer and mathematician.
  • The standard author abbreviation Eig. is used to indicate Alexander Eig (1894 – 1938), a botanist, one of the first plant researchers in Israel, head of department for Botanics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and co-founder of Jerusalem Botanical Gardens on Mount Scopus.
  • The standard author abbreviation Feinbrun is used to indicate Naomi Feinbrun-Dothan (1900 – 1995), Israel botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Desf. is used to indicate René Louiche Desfontaines (1750 – 1833),a French botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Parl. is used to indicate Filippo Parlatore (1816 – 1877), an Italian botanist.