Leopoldia comosa, Purple Grape Hyacinth, Tassel Hyacinth,
Hebrew: מצילות מצוייצות, Arabic: بصل الزيز

Scientific name:  Leopoldia comosa (L.) Parl.
Synonym name:  Hyacinthus comosus L.
Common name:   Purple Grape Hyacinth, Tassel Hyacinth, Tufted Grape Hyacinth, Hairy Muscari, Edible Muscari
Hebrew name:  מצילות מצוייצות
Arabic name:  بصل الزيز
Family:  Liliaceae, שושניים

Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres, زهور

Life form:  Geophyte
Stems:  Flower stem 18-35 cm high
Leaves:  Rosette, simple, linear, entire margins
Inflorescence:  Flowers arranged in a spike or raceme
Flowers:  Cream, purple; tuft of bright violet, blue or pinkish sterile flowers at the top of the raceme
Fruits / pods:  Loculicidal capsules; (bulbs reproduce offsets)
Flowering Period:   February, March, April
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:   Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Leopoldia comosa, Purple Grape Hyacinth, מצילות מצוייצות

Derivation of the botanical name:
Leopoldia, in honour of Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1797 – 1870).
comosa, with long hair growing in tufts, in Pliny, 'with many leaves'.
Hyacinthus, named for Hyakinthios, a young prince of Sparta, loved by Apollo, who died after being struck on the head by a discus. The hyacinth flower sprouted where his blood fell.
The Hebrew name: מצילות, mazilot, lifesaver, lifeguard.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Parl. is used to indicate Filippo Parlatore (1816 – 1877), an Italian botanist.

Flowers in Israel

Leopoldia comosa, Purple Grape Hyacinth, بصل الزيز,מצילות מצוייצות