Melilotus sulcatus, Melilotus compactus,
Mediterranean sweetclover, Grooved Melilot,
Hebrew: דבשה חרוצה ,דבשה מחורצת, Arabic: حندقوق, نفل

Scientific name:  Melilotus sulcatus Desf.
Synonym name:  Melilotus compactus Guss.
Common name:  Grooved Melilot, Mediterranean sweetclover
Hebrew name:   דבשה חרוצה, דבשה מחורצת
Arabic name:  حندقوق, نفل "Handaqouq, nafal"
Plant Family:  Papilionaceae, פרפרניים

Melilotus sulcatus, Melilotus compactus, Mediterranean sweetclover, Grooved Melilot, דבשה חרוצה, דבשה מחורצת
Location: Herzliya Winter pool

Life form:  Therophyte, annual
Stems:  20-70 cm high; internodes short, branches numerous, spreading or ascending, the lowermost often very long
Leaves:  Alternate, compound, trifoliolate, dentate or serrate
Inflorescence:  Raceme, 15-50 flowered; peduncle 2-6 cm long; pedicels 1.5-2 mm long
Flowers:  Yellow, 2.5-8 mm long; standard and wings shorter than the keel
Fruits / pods:  Pod 3-5.5 mm long, with 7-17 concentric nerves or ridges; seed 2-3.5 mm long, tuberculate or almost smooth
Flowering Period:   March, April, May
Habitat:  Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:   Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Melilotus sulcatus,Melilotus compactus, Mediterranean sweetclover, Grooved Melilot, דבשה חרוצה, דבשה מחורצת
Location: Herzliya, Winter pool


Derivation of the botanical name:
Melilotus, Greek meli, honey; lotus, a leguminous plant.
sulcatus, furrowed.
compactus, compact; dense.
  • The standard author abbreviation Desf. is used to indicate René Louiche Desfontaines (1750 – 1833), a French botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Guss. is used to indicate Giovanni Gussone (1787 – 1866), an Italian botanist.