Mercurialis annua, Annual Mercury, Garden Mercury, French Mercury,
Hebrew: מרקולית מצויה, Arabic: الحَلبُوب الحولي

Scientific name:  Mercurialis annua L.
Common name:   Annual Mercury, Garden Mercury, French Mercury
Hebrew name:   מרקולית מצויה
Arabic name:  الحَلبُوب الحولي
Español:  Mercurial
Family:  Euphorbiaceae, חלבלוביים

flower name derivations, botanical, definition, reference, botany, botanical terms
Male flowers

Life form:  Annual
Stems:  17-35 cm tall; stem branched, often from the base
Leaves:  Opposite, ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, crenate-serrate
Inflorescence:  Staminate inflorescence spike-like, axillary; short-peduncled, flowers clustered; pistillate inflorescence 2-3 flowers clustered, axillary, below staminate flowers
Flowers:  Dioecious, male ( spikelike clusters) and female (clusters of 2 or 3) flowers on separate plants; staminate flower, calyx ± 1 mm; stamens exserted; pistillate flower, calyx ± 1 mm; ovary strigose, styles ± 1 mm; green
Fruits / pods:  Capsule, bristly; seeds, pitted
Flowering Period:   January, February, March, April, May, December
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:   Med - Euro-Siberian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Mercurialis annua, Annual Mercury,الحَلبُوب الحولي ,מרקולית מצויה,Mercurial
Male flowers


Derivation of the botanical name:
Mercurialis, in honor of Mercurius (Roman), or Hermes (Greek), the messenger of the gods.
annua, annual.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.

flower name derivations, botanical, definition, reference, botany, botanical terms


Mercurialis annua, Annual Mercury,الحَلبُوب الحولي ,מרקולית מצויה