Mercurialis annua, Annual Mercury, Garden Mercury, French Mercury,
Hebrew: מרקולית מצויה, Arabic: الحَلبُوب الحولي

Scientific name:  Mercurialis annua L.
Common name:   Annual Mercury, Garden Mercury, French Mercury
Hebrew name:   מרקולית מצויה
Arabic name:  الحَلبُوب الحولي
Español:  Mercurial
Family:  Euphorbiaceae, חלבלוביים

flower name derivations, botanical, definition, reference, botany, botanical terms
Male flowers

Life form:  Annual
Stems:  17-35 cm tall; stem branched, often from the base
Leaves:  Opposite, ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, crenate-serrate
Inflorescence:  Staminate inflorescence spike-like, axillary; short-peduncled, flowers clustered; pistillate inflorescence 2-3 flowers clustered, axillary, below staminate flowers
Flowers:  Dioecious, male ( spikelike clusters) and female (clusters of 2 or 3) flowers on separate plants; staminate flower, calyx ± 1 mm; stamens exserted; pistillate flower, calyx ± 1 mm; ovary strigose, styles ± 1 mm; green
Fruits / pods:  Capsule, bristly; seeds, pitted
Flowering Period:   January, February, March, April, May, December
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:   Med - Euro-Siberian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Mercurialis annua, Annual Mercury,الحَلبُوب الحولي ,מרקולית מצויה,Mercurial
Male flowers


Derivation of the botanical name:
Mercurialis, in honor of Mercurius (Roman), or Hermes (Greek), the messenger of the gods.
annua, annual.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
See the list of Medicinal herbs in Israel, the parts used and their medical uses to treat various diseases.

flower name derivations, botanical, definition, reference, botany, botanical terms


Mercurialis annua, Annual Mercury,الحَلبُوب الحولي ,מרקולית מצויה