Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum,
Egyptian Fig-marigold, Slender-Leaved Ice Plant,
Hebrew: אהל מצוי, Arabic: حر, سمح, غاسول

Scientific name:  Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum L.
Common name:   Egyptian Fig-marigold, Slender-Leaved Ice Plant
Hebrew name:   אהל מצוי
Arabic name:  حر, سمح, غاسول,"hurr, samH, ghasool"
Plant Family:  Aizoaceae, חיעדיים

Flowers of Israel, send flowers

Life form:  Annual
Succulence:  Stem + leaf succulent
Stems:  Prostrate to ascending, branched from base, 15-20 cm, sessile
Leaves:  Opposite, terete, smooth and cylindrical
Inflorescence:  Cyme or flower axillary; pedicel short
Flowers:  4-5 mm in diameter, 20 cream white petals; 10 stamens
Fruits / pods:  Capsules finely papillate; seeds, smooth to minutely tuberculate
Flowering Period:   February, March, April, May, June
Habitat:   Salty habitats, Nutrient-rich soils, ruderal
Distribution:   Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:   Euro-Siberian - Med - Saharo-Arabian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

פרחים וצמחי בר, דיווחי פריחה

Derivation of the botanical name:
Mesembryanthemum , mesembrianthemum, Greek, mesembria, "midday"; anthemon, "flower"; in allusion to the fact that the only species then known all bloomed at noon. When species of other habits became known, the genus was renamed mesembryanthemum. As now spelled, the derivation is mesos, "middle"; embryon, "fruit"; anthemon, "flower."
nodiflorum, nodus, "a knot"; florus, "to bloom, to flower"; flowers from nodes.
The Hebrew name:אהל, ohol, of uncertain origin. Perhaps borrowed from agaruh, aguruh (=aloewood), which are probably Greek aloe (= aloe), is probably a Hebrew loan word.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.