Moltkiopsis ciliata, Lithospermum callosum, Callous-leaved Gromwell,
Hebrew: גלעינון החוף, Arabic: حلم – حماط

Scientific name:  Moltkiopsis ciliata (Forssk.) I.M.Johnston
Synonym name:  Lithospermum callosum Vahl
Common name:   Callous-leaved Gromwell
Hebrew name:  גלעינון החוף
Arabic name:  حلم – حماط
Family:  Boraginaceae, זיפניים

Moltkiopsis ciliata, Lithospermum callosum, Callous-leaved Gromwell, حلم – حماط , גלעינון החוף

Life form:  Chamaephyte
Stems:  30-60 cm; fine hairs interspersed with a few bossed strigose hairs
Leaves:  Alternate, entire
Inflorescence:  Terminal, axillary, leafy cymes
Flowers:  Dark Blue
Fruits / pods:  Nutlets
Flowering Period:   March, April, May
Habitat:  Sand
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:  Saharo-Arabian
Summer shedding:  Perenating

Moltkiopsis ciliata, Lithospermum callosum, Callous-leaved Gromwell, גלעינון החוף


Derivation of the botanical name:
Moltkiopsis, Moltkia for the Danish noble Joachim Gadske Moltke (1746 - 1818); resembling Moltkia.
ciliata, fringed with hairs; ciliate.
Lithospermum, lithos, λιϑοϛ, stone; with very hard stomelike seeds.
callosum, with a hard skill, thick-skinned, callous; calloused.
  • The standard author abbreviation Forssk. is used to indicate Peter Forsskål (1732 – 1763), a Swedish explorer, orientalist and naturalist.
  • The standard author abbreviation I.M.Johnston is used to indicate Ivan Murray Johnston (1898 – 1960), a United States botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Vahl is used to indicate Martin Vahl (1749 – 1804), a Danish-Norwegian botanist and zoologist.