Notobasis syriaca, Cirsium syriacum, Cnicus syriacus, Syrian thistle,
Hebrew: ברקן סורי, Arabic: خرفيش

Scientific name:  Notobasis syriaca (L.) Cass.
Synonym name:  Cirsium syriacum (L.) Gaertn., Cnicus syriacus (L.) Roth
Common name:  Syrian Thistle
Hebrew name:  ברקן סורי
Arabic name:  خرفيش
Plant Family:  Compositae / Asteraceae, מורכבים

Israel wildflowers, send flowers online

Life form:  Annual
Spinescence:  Leaves, bracts
Stems:  80-150 cm; usually branched and bluish above
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette, entire, dentate or serrate, spinescent
Inflorescence:  Indeterminate heads (also called capitula)
Flowers:  Purple, spinescent bracts
Fruits / pods:  Achene 5-5mm, brown; outer pappus-satae 13-15mm, inner pappus hairs 1-2mm
Flowering Period:   March, April, May
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana, Disturbed habitats
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Notobasis syriaca, Cirsium syriacum, Cnicus syriacus, Syrian Thistle, ברקן סורי


Derivation of the botanical name:
Notobasis, the etymology is unknown.
syriaca, syrian.
Cirsium , Greek kirsion, a kind of thistle, in turn from kirsos, "a swollen vein or welt," because thistles were often used as a remedy against such things.
cnicus, a Latin name of the safflower, from Greek knikos,
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Cass. is used to indicate Alexandre Henri Gabriel de Cassini (1781 – 1832), a French botanist and naturalist, who specialised in the sunflower family (Asteraceae).
  • The standard author abbreviation Gaertn. is used to indicate Joseph Gaertner (1732 – 1791), a German botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Roth is used to indicate Albrecht Wilhelm Roth (1757 – 1834), a German physician and botanist.
Bible resources:
  1. Job 31:40
    then let briers come up instead of wheat and stinkweed instead of barley.”
    The words of Job are ended.
  2. Isaiah 34:13
    Thorns will overrun her citadels, nettles and brambles her strongholds.
    She will become a haunt for jackals, a home for owls.

Flora of Israel online


Notobasis syriaca, Cirsium syriacum, Cnicus syriacus, Syrian Thistle, ברקן סורי


Notobasis syriaca, Cirsium syriacum, Cnicus syriacus, Syrian Thistle, ברקן סורי