|Scientific name:||Notobasis syriaca (L.) Cass.|
|Synonym name:||Cirsium syriacum (L.) Gaertn., Cnicus syriacus (L.) Roth|
|Common name:||Syrian Thistle|
|Hebrew name:||ברקן סורי|
|Plant Family:||Compositae / Asteraceae, מורכבים|
|Stems:||80-150 cm; usually branched and bluish above|
|Leaves:||Alternate, rosette, entire, dentate or serrate, spinescent|
|Inflorescence:||Indeterminate heads (also called capitula)|
|Flowers:||Purple, spinescent bracts|
|Fruits / pods:||Achene 5-5mm, brown; outer pappus-satae 13-15mm, inner pappus hairs 1-2mm|
|Flowering Period:||March, April, May|
|Habitat:||Batha, Phrygana, Disturbed habitats|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Notobasis, Greek notis "moisture," notios, notos, noton "moist damp, rainy" and basis "base, pedestal," referring to the habitat.
Cirsium , Greek kirsion, a kind of thistle, in turn from kirsos, "a swollen vein or welt," because thistles were often used as a remedy against such things.
cnicus, a Latin name of the safflower, from Greek knikos.
The Hebrew name: ברקן, barkan, "brier", of uncertain origin; Judges 8:16: "He took the elders of the town and taught the men of Sukkoth a lesson by punishing them with desert thorns and briers (הברקנים, barkanim, barqanim)".