Ononis natrix, Shrubby Rest-harrow,
Hebrew: שברק מצוי, Arabic: لزّيق

Scientific name:  Ononis natrix L.
Common name:  Shrubby Rest-harrow
Hebrew name:  שברק מצוי
Arabic name:  الشبرق الصغير, alshabriq alsaghir
Plant Family:  Papilionaceae, פרפרניים

 Ononis natrix, Shrubby Rest-harrow, שברק מצוי

Life form:  Chamaephyte
Stems:  Up to 60 cm high, various stems, woody at the base
Leaves:  Alternate, compound, trifoliate, dentate or serrate
Inflorescence:  Short axillary racemes
Flowers:  Yellow solitary flowers with the standard frequently showing reddish veins
Fruits / pods:  Very hairy hanging pods
Flowering Period:  March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:   Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Perennating

פרחים וצמחי בר בארץ ישראל, שברק מצוי

Derivation of the botanical name:
Ononis, (Theophrastus) is from the Greek onos, meaning "ass" (because they are said especially to like it), and the classical Greek name used by Pliny for the rest-harrow.
natrix, Latin "water snake."
The hebrew word: shabrak, שברק, borrowed from Arabic Al-Shabraq, Al-Shibraq, ononis.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.