Ononis spinosa, Tall Spiny Rest-harrow,
Hebrew: שברק קוצני, Arabic: الشبرق الشائك

Scientific name:  Ononis spinosa L.
Synonym name:  Ononis antiquorum L., Onosis leiosperma Boiss.
Common name:  Tall Spiny Rest-harrow
Hebrew name:  שברק קוצני
Arabic name:   الشبرق الشائك, alshabriq alshshayik
Family:  Papilionaceae, פרפרניים

Israel flowers, flora de Israel

Life form:  Hemicryptophyte
Spinescence:  Stems
Leaves:  Alternate, compound, trifoliate
Flowers:  Pink
Flowering Period:   April, May, June, July, August, September, October
Habitat:  Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:   Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:  Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Perennating

Flora of Israel OnLine
Location: Bnei Zion Nature Reserve

Derivation of the botanical name:
Ononis, (Theophrastus) is from the Greek onos, meaning "ass" (because they are said especially to like it), and the classical Greek name used by Pliny for the rest-harrow.
spinosus, spinos, "thorny", refers to its spiny nature.
antiquorum, of the ancients.
leiosperma, Greek leios, λειοϛ, smooth; sperma, σπερμα, seed, germ; smooth seeded.
The hebrew word: shabrak, שברק, borrowed from Arabic Al-Shabraq, Al-Shibraq, ononis.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Boiss. is used to indicate Pierre Edmond Boissier (1810 – 1885), a Swiss botanist, explorer and mathematician.

Ononis spinosa, Tall Spiny Rest-harrow,Bugrane épineuse, Wilżyna ciernista, Busktörne, שברק קוצני, الشبرق الشائك