Ophrys umbilicata, Ophrys carmeli, Ophrys dinsmorei,
Carmel Bee-Orchid, Mountain Carmel Ophrys,
Hebrew: דבורנית דינסמור, Arabic: اوركيد النحله

Scientific name:  Ophrys umbilicata Desf. 1807
Synonym name:  Ophrys carmeli H. Fleischmann & Bornmüller, Ophrys dinsmorei Schlechter
Common name:  Carmel Bee-Orchid, Mountain Carmel Ophrys
Hebrew name:  דבורנית דינסמור
Arabic name:  اوركيد النحله
Plant Family:  Orchidaceae, סחלביים

Israel fleurs sauvages, Israel wildflowers

Life form:  Geophyte
Stems:  15-40 cm tall
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette, entire
Flowers:  Greenish yellow; sepals 6-13 mm long, lanceolate, greenish or pale pink; petals 3-5 mm long, triangular, pale green, hairy; labellum 6-15 m long, 3-lobed; lateral lobe with horn-like projections, velvety, dark red-purple; middle lobe convex, oblong, with fan-shaped tip; speculum pale blue, reddish-brown or brownish-violet with yellowish borders, irregular, almost encircling, 3-4 velvety spots
Fruits / pods:  Capsules, split open by longitudinal slits; seeds numerous, minute; endosperm absent
Flowering Period:   January, February, March, April
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:   Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

פרחים וצמחי בר בארץ ישראל

Derivation of the botanical name:
Ophrys, oQ^us, "the eye-brow", referring to the furry edges of the lips of several species. The latin name for this group of terrestrial orchids. umbilicata, "shaped like a navel"; meaning with a navel.
The Hebrew name דבורנית, dvoranit, from דבורה, dvora, a bee; the flowers bear a striking resemblance to a female bee. When male bees are tricked into mating with them, they get covered in pollen and spread it from flower to flower.
  • The standard author abbreviation Desf. is used to indicate René Louiche Desfontaines (1750 – 1833), a French botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Bornm. is used to indicate Joseph Friedrich Nicolaus Bornmüller (1862 – 1948), a German botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Schlechter is used to indicate Friedrich Richard Rudolf Schlechter (1872 - 1925), a German taxonomist, botanist, and author of several works on orchids.

Ophrys umbilicata, Carmel Bee-Orchid,דבורנית דינסמור

Ophrys umbilicata, Carmel Bee-Orchid,דבורנית דינסמור
Location: Road 395, Martyrs Forest