|Scientific name:||Ornithogalum narbonense L.|
|Common name:||Southern star of Bethlehem, Narbonne Star-of-Bethlehem|
|Hebrew name:||נץ-חלב צרפתי|
|Arabic name:||نجمة بيت لحم|
|Stems:||30-60 cm high; stem stiff, erect; flowering stems standing above leaves up to 60cm high|
|Leaves:||Rosette, amplexicaule, dull blue-green, shorter than the stem; blade very lengthened, narrow, channelled beneath; leaves not faded during flowering|
|Flowers:||Hermaphrodite; pyramidal raceme; 20-50 flowers; long bract of 1–2 cm; 6 star-shaped white petals bearing a pale green central vein, while the buds are oval, with longitudinal green and white stripes; 6 stamens have a white filament holding yellow anthers of 4 mm; pollinated by insects|
|Fruits / pods:||Ovoid and 3-furrowed capsule|
|Flowering Period:||March, April|
|Habitat:||Batha, Phrygana, Shrub-steppes|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon|
|Chorotype:||Med - Irano-Turanian|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Ornithogalum, ornis ορνισ, ιϑοϛ , a bird, ornith pertaining to birds;galum, milk.
Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778) says, that the roots of this plant are the Dove's dung (seed pods), which was sold so dear during the siege of Samaria, (II Kings 6:25); "which interpretation appears highly probable from the obvious identity of the name ornithogalum (Bird's-milk), and which was applied to this plant by many of the ancient writers, as Dioscorides, Pliny, &c.,and from the circumstance that they are, when boiled, eaten at the present day by the poorer inhabitants of Palestine, where grows in abundance; whence its English name Star of Bethlehem."
narbonense,Of or from Narbonne, a city in southern France in the Languedoc-Roussillon région.
Location: Bene Zion Nature Reserve