Ornithogalum trichophyllum, Fine-Leaved Star-of-Bethlehem,
Hebrew: נץ-חלב דק-עלים, Arabic: صاصل صوفي الأوراق

Scientific name:  Ornithogalum trichophyllum Boiss. et Heldr.
Common name:  Fine-Leaved Star-of-Bethlehem
Hebrew name:  נץ-חלב דק-עלים
Arabic name:  صاصل صوفي الأوراق
Family:  Liliaceae, שושניים

I fiori di campo d'Israele

Life form:  Geophyte
Leaves:  Rosette, entire
Flowers:  White
Flowering Period:  January, February, December
Habitat:   Shrub-steppes
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:  Irano-Turanian - Saharo-Arabian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Ornithogalum trichophyllum, Fine-Leaved Star-of-Bethlehem, صاصل صوفي الأوراق ,נץ-חלב דק-עלים


Derivation of the botanical name:
Ornithogalum, ornis ορνισ, ιϑοϛ , a bird, ornith pertaining to birds;galum, milk.
Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778) says, that the roots of this plant are the Dove's dung (seed pods), which was sold so dear during the siege of Samaria, (II Kings 6:25); "which interpretation appears highly probable from the obvious identity of the name ornithogalum (Bird's-milk), and which was applied to this plant by many of the ancient writers, as Dioscorides, Pliny, &c.,and from the circumstance that they are, when boiled, eaten at the present day by the poorer inhabitants of Palestine, where grows in abundance; whence its English name Star of Bethlehem."
trichophyllum, thrix ϑριξ, τριχοϛ, hair, wool, bristle; phyllon φυλλον, leaf; foliage; hairy leaves.
  • The standard author abbreviation Boiss. is used to indicate Pierre Edmond Boissier (1810 – 1885), a Swiss botanist, explorer and mathematician.
  • The standard author abbreviation Heldr. is used to indicate Theodor Heinrich Hermann von Heldreich (1822 – 1902), a German botanist.