|Scientific name:||Orobanche aegyptiaca Pers.|
|Synonym name:||Phelypaea aegyptiaca (Pers.) Walpers|
|Common name:||Egyptian broomrape|
|Hebrew name:||עלקת מצרית|
|Arabic name:||هالوك مصري|
|Family:||Orobanchaceae, Broomrape family, עלקתיים|
|Stems:||15-50x0.4-0.6cm; usually branched|
|Inflorescence:||Spike very lax and flowers often remote|
|Flowers:||bracts shorter than calyx; corolla 20-35mm, Violet; lobes of the lower lip broadly ovate to orbicular, obtuse; filaments basally hairy; anthers basally and at suture numerous hairy.|
|Fruits / pods:||Capsule 6-7mm|
|Flowering Period:||February, March, April, May|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Orobanche, Greek orobos, a kind of vetch; anchone, choke, strangle; this was the Greek name of a plant that was parasitic on vetch.
Phelypaea, honors Louis Phélypeaux (1643–1727), marquis de Phélypeaux (1667), comte de Maurepas (1687), comte de Pontchartrain (1699), known as the chancellor de Pontchartrain, a French politician, and his son Jérôme Phélypeaux (1674 – 1747), both having materially aided Joseph Pitton de Tournefort (1656 – 1708), a French botanist, in his scientific work and travels.
broomrape, broom + rape, part translation of species name Orobanche rapum-genistae, where Latin rapum actually means turnip, not rape. Broomrape, any of various plants, of the genus Orobanche, that are parasitic on the roots of other plants.
The Hebrew name: Alkat, עלקת, is derived from the name of the parasitic animal leech, עלוקה, aluka.