Papaver humile, Humble Poppy,
Hebrew: פרג נחות, Arabic: الخشخاش المنخفض

Scientific name:  Papaver humile Fedde
Common name:  Humble Poppy
Hebrew name:  פרג נחות
Arabic name:  الخشخاش المنخفض
Family:  Papaveraceae, פרגיים

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Life form:  Annual
Stems:  15-40 cm
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette, dissected, dentate or serrate
Inflorescence:  Solitaire
Flowers:  Red, stigmas on a sessile disc at top of ovary
Fruits / pods:  Capsule
Flowering Period:  April, May, June
Habitat:  Shrub-steppes, Desert
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:   Saharo-Arabian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Papaver humile, Humble Poppy, פרג נחות,الخشخاش المنخفض

Derivation of the botanical name:
Papaver, the classical Latin name for the poppy.
humile, low, low-growing, humble.
Poppy, derived from the Old English popæg and referring to various species of Papaver.
The Hebrew name: pereg, פרג (sometimes parag) derives from the Sanskrit word priyangu, meaning "foxtail millet" (or "panic seed".) . It is found in the plural - פרגין - in the Mishna (Sheviit 2:7, Chalah 1:4) and in the Talmud (Rosh Hashana 13b), listed together with other crops that aren't full grains like shumshum שומשום - sesame and orez אורז - rice.
  • The standard author abbreviation Fedde is used to indicate Friedrich Karl Georg Fedde (1873 - 1942), a German botanist.

Hybridazation often occurs among Papaver rhoeas P.carmeli, P. humile and P. umbonatum.

Papaver humile, Humble Poppy, פרג נחות