Parkinsonia aculeata,Jerusalem Thorn, Prickly Thorn,
Hebrew: פרקינסוניה שיכנית, Arabic: باركنسونية حادة

Scientific name:  Parkinsonia aculeata L.
Common name:  Jerusalem Thorn, Prickly Thorn
Hebrew name:   פרקינסוניה שיכנית
Arabic name:   باركنسونية حادة
Family:  Caesalpiniaceae, Senna Family, קסאלפיניים

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Life form:  Phanerophyte shrub
Spinescence:  Stipules
Leaves:  Alternate, compound, bipinnate or more
Flowers:  Yellow with red
Flowering Period:   February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
Habitat:   Disturbed habitats
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:  American
Summer shedding:  Perennating

Parkinsonia aculeata,Jerusalem Thorn, Prickly Thorn, פרקינסוניה שיכנית

Derivation of the botanical name:
Parkinsonia, named after John Parkinson (1567-1650), Herbarist to Charles I and was noted for the garden he cultivated in London.
aculeata, with prickles or stings, spine-like.
The Hebrew name: פרקינסוניה, parkinsonia, a transliteration from the scientific name.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.

In the Old Jerusalem souvenir shops 'Crowns of thorns', made from branches of the Parkinsonia aculeata, are sold with a 'certificate of origin'.
The Parkinsonia aculeata ia an invasive tree of American origin.

Flora of Israel online