|Scientific name:||Peltophorum dubium (Spreng.) Taub.|
|Synonym name:||Baryxylum dubium (Spreng.) Pierre, Caesalpinia dubia Spreng., Peltophorum vogelianum Benth.|
|Common name:||Yellow Poinciana, Copperpod, Horsebush|
|Hebrew name:||שלטית מקומטת|
|Arabic name:||بلتوفورم مجعد|
|Family:||Fabaceae or Papilionaceae, Legume / Pea Family, משפחת הפרפרניים|
|Life form:||Semi-deciduous tree. In its native South America it is evergreen, but in colder regions (including most of Israel), it sheds its leaves.|
|Stems:||Young stems with fine, dense, rusty-brown to greyish, closely appressed puberulence or pubescence, also with small, stalked, swollen-headed glands.|
|Leaves:||Bipinnate (twice-compound) leaves are composed of small deep green leaflets that resemble the leaves of its relative – Delonix regia, the royal poinciana.|
|Inflorescence:||A loose raceme, racemes often ± aggregated and panicled; bracts usually linear-lanceolate and deciduous.|
|Flowers:||Hermaphrodite. Calyx-tube very short, lobes 5, imbricate, subequal, longer than the tube. Petals 5, subequal, the upper one often shorter than the others, ± spathulate, strongly imbricate. Stamens 10, declinate; filaments free, conspicuously brown- villous basally, glabrous above; anthers dorsifixed, dehiscing by longitudinal slits. Ovary sessile or subsessile, brown-pubescent or -tomentose, 2 to many-ovuled; style filiform, pubescent basally, glabrous above; stigma broadly peltate.|
|Fruits / pods:||Flat brown pods; cylindrical seeds with hard nuts.|
|Flowering Period:||July, August|
|Habitat:||Planted mainly in gardens and large parks|
|Distribution:||the Coastal Plain and the Lowlands|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Peltophorum, Greek pelta, a shield; phoreo, to bear; from the form of the stigma of these tropical trees.
dubium, doubtful, in the sense of not following the genus pattern.
Baryxylum, from barys, heavy, and zylon, wood; the wood of the tree is very heavy.
Caesalpinia, named in honor of Andreas Caesalpini (1519 - 1603), an Italian botanist and physician to Pope Clement VIII.
The Hebrew name: שלטית (Celtic), derived from the aristocratic signs that shield is the central element in them; the scar of the pestle is wide and flattened like a war shield.
מקומטת (mekumetet),"wrinkled" by the wrinkled petals of the flowers.
Pollinators- Bees, Insects.