Phagnalon rupestre, Phagnalon spathulatum, African fleabane,
Hebrew: צמרנית הסלעים, Arabic: هحدق،حيدق

Scientific name:  Phagnalon rupestre (L.) DC.
Synonym name:  Phagnalon spathulatumCass.
Common name:   African fleabane
Hebrew name:  צמרנית הסלעים
Arabic name:  هحدق،حيدق
Family:  Compositae / Asteraceae, מורכבים

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Life form:  Chamaephyte, semi-shrub
Stems:  Stems bearing large winterleaves and develop
Leaves:  Alternate, entire; small summer leaves with denser white cover developing at the axile of relatively large winter leaves
Flowers:  Yellow
Fruits / pods:  Achenes (= one-seeded fruits); seeds are dispersed by rain (Ombrohydrochory); seeds are retained on the mother plant after they mature, and their dispersal is triggered by rain.
Flowering Period:   March, April, May, June
Habitat:   Hard rock outcrops
Distribution:   Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:  Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Perenating

 Phagnalon rupestre, African fleabane,  هحدق،حيدق ,צמרנית הסלעים


Derivation of the botanical name:
Phagnalon; the generic name Phagnalon was validated by Cassini (1819).
rupestre, rupes, a rock; estris, djective suffix for nouns: origin or habitat; found near rocks.
spathulatum, shaped like a spatula.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation DC. is used to indicate Augustin Pyramus de Candolle (1778 – 1841), a Swiss botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Cass. is used to indicate Alexandre Henri Gabriel de Cassini (1781 – 1832), a French botanist and naturalist, who specialised in the sunflower family (Asteraceae)

 Phagnalon rupestre, African fleabane, هحدق،حيدق ,צמרנית הסלעים


 Phagnalon rupestre, African fleabane, هحدق،حيدق ,צמרנית הסלעים


 Phagnalon rupestre, African fleabane, هحدق،حيدق ,צמרנית הסלעים
Location: Netanya, Sergeants Grove