Pinus brutia, Brutia pine, Calabrian pine, Turkish pine,
Hebrew: אורן קפריסאי, Arabic: صنوبر قبرصي, Lubânah shâmîyah

Scientific name:  Pinus brutia Ten.
Common name:  Brutia pine, Cyprus pine, Calabrian cluster pine, Turkish pine
Hebrew name:  אורן קפריסאי ,אורן ברוטיה
Arabic name:   صنوبر قبرصي, Lubânah shâmîyah
Family:  Pinaceae, אורניים

צמחי בר בישראל
Location: Judean Mountains

Life form:   Phanerophyte, tree
Leaves:  Alternate, needle
Flowers:  Without perianth, cones
Flowering Period:   March, April, May
Habitat:   Mediterranean maquis and forest, Batha, Phrygana, Disturbed habitats
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands
Chorotype:  Exotic, Planted, Escaped from cultivation
Summer shedding:   Perenating

Pinus brutia,Brutia pine, Calabrian pine, Turkish pine, صنوبر قبرصي, Lubânah shâmîyah, אורן קפריסאי
Location: Judean Mountains


Derivation of the botanical name:
Pinus, pitys, πιτυϛ, "a pine tree."
brutia, Brutium, old name of Calabria. Brutium after an ancient Italic tribe that had occupied the land. Previously, it had been known as Enotria after another tribe.
  • The standard author abbreviation Ten. is used to indicate Michele Tenore (1780 – 1861), an Italian botanist.
Pinus brutia was not part of the country’s native arboreal landscape. It was introduced into plantations in Eretz Israel from the 1930’s onwards, and today replaces Pinus halepensis in the country’s planted forests.


Pinus brutia,Brutia pine, Calabrian pine, Turkish pine, صنوبر قبرصي, Lubânah shâmîyah, אורן קפריסאי
Location: Judean Mountains