Pinus pinea, Umbrella pine, Stone pine, Italian stone pine,
Hebrew: אורן הצנובר, Arabic: صنوبر مثمر,‘anawbar

Scientific name:  Pinus pinea L.
Common name  Umbrella pine, Stone pine, Italian stone pine, pine kernel nuts
Hebrew name:  אורן הצנובר
Arabic name:  صنوبر مثمر,‘anawbar
Family:   Pinaceae, אורניים

 ישראל, פרחים, תמונות, צמחי בר בישראל

Life form:  Phanerophyte, tree
Stems:  Up to 12–20 m; Bark, thick, red-brown, deeply fissured
Leaves:  Alternate, needle-like, in bundles of two
Flowers:  No petals and tepals
Fruits / pods:  Cones, broad, ovoid, 8–15 cm long; 36 months to mature; seeds (pine nuts), 2 cm long, pale brown with a powdery black coating
Flowering Period:   March, April, May
Habitat:  Disturbed habitats
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands
Chorotype:  Escaped from cultivation
Summer shedding:  Perenating

 Pinus pinea, Umbrella- or stone pine, Italian stone pine,صنوبر ‘anawbar,אורן הצנובר,,tirzah,tidhar,pignolia nuts,pine nuts


Derivation of the botanical name:
Pinus, Latin, pine; Greek, pitys, pine tree.
pinea, Latin, pine cone.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
The pinus pinea, stone or umbrella pine,is a medium-sized two-needled pine, has cracked scaley bark, white to soft yellow, workable wood which is valuable timber, and large cones with edible seeds, known as pignolia nuts or pine nuts:
"I am like a green pine tree; your fruitfulness comes from me", Hosea 14:8.

Michael Zohary identifies the tree named tirzah of Isaiah 44:14 with the Pinus pinea. He notes that this may have led Saadia Gaon (c.892–942), (Hebrew: סעדיה בן יוסף גאון‎, Arabic: سعيد بن يوسف الفيومي‎ Sa`īd bin Yūsuf al-Fayyūmi), translator of the Bible into its first Arabic version (10th century), to render tirzah as "stone pine." In Arabic, as in many languages, the names of several conifers include the radical rz or arz, suggesting kinship with erez (cedar).
Tidhar, mentioned along with the fir-tree in Isaiah 41:19; 60:13, is probably the cypress, or it may be the stone-pine.

Bible resources:
  1. Isaiah 44:14
    He cut down cedars, or perhaps took a cypress or oak.
    He let it grow among the trees of the forest, or planted a pine, and the rain made it grow.