Pisum sativum, Pisum humile, Pisum syriacum,
Garden pea, common pea,
Hebrew: אפון נמוך, Arabic: البازلاء

Scientific name:  Pisum sativum L.
Synonym name:  Pisum humile Boiss. & Noe, Pisum syriacum (Berg.) Lehm
Common name:  Garden pea, common pea
Hebrew name:  אפון נמוך
Arabic name:  البازلاء
Family:  Papilionaceae, פרפרניים

Flowers in Israel, Send flowers
Life form:  Therophyte, annual
Leaves:  Alternate, compound, pinnate, dentate or serrate
Flowers:  Purple
Flowering Period:   February, March, April
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:   Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Pisum sativum, Pisum humile, Pisum syriacum, Garden pea, common pea, אפון נמוך


Derivation of the botanical name:
Pisum, the Latin name for the pea.
sativum, sown, cultivated; cultivated.
humile, low, low-growing, humble.
syriacum, Syrian.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Boiss. is used to indicate Pierre Edmond Boissier (1810 – 1885), a Swiss botanist, explorer and mathematician.
  • The standard author abbreviation Noe is used to indicate Friedrich Wilhelm Noë (18?? - 1858), German botanist. Worked as pharmacist in Fiume and later as director of the Galata - Serai botanical gardens in Constantinopel [Istanbul].
  • The standard author abbreviation Berg is used to indicate Ernst von Berg (1782 – 1855), a German botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Lehm. is used to indicate Johann Georg Christian Lehmann (1792 – 1860), a German botanist.

Pisum sativum, Pisum humile, Pisum syriacum, Garden pea, common pea, אפון נמוך