Pluchea dioscoridis, Conyza dioscoridis, Baccharis dioscoridis,
Ploughmans spikenard, Marsh fleabane,
Hebrew: פלגית שיחנית, Arabic: barnûf, kûsh, فونرب

Scientific name:  Pluchea dioscoridis (L)DC.
Synonym name:  Conyza dioscoridis (L.) Desf., Baccharis dioscoridis L.
Common name:  Ploughmans spikenard, Marsh fleabane
German (Deutsch):  Dörrkraut
Hebrew name:   פלגית שיחנית
Arabic name:   barnûf, kûsh, فونرب
Family:  Compositae / Asteraceae, מורכבים

Pluchea dioscoridis, Conyza dioscoridis, Baccharis dioscoridis, Ploughmans spikenard, Marsh fleabane, barnûf, kûsh, פלגית שיחנית ,فونرب
Location: Golan Heights

Life form:  Phanerophyte shrub
Leaves:  Alternate, entire, lanceolate, dentate or serrate
Flowers:  Pale yellow or pink
Flowering Period:  March, April, May, June, July, August, September
Habitat:  Humid habitats
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:   Saharo-Arabian - Sudanian
Summer shedding:  Perenating

פרחים וצמחי בר בארץ ישראל
Location: Golan Heights


Derivation of the botanical name:
Pluchea , named after the French naturalist Noel Antoine Pluche (1688-1761),
dioscoridis, named in honor of the first century Greek physician and herbalist Dioscoridis.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation DC. is used to indicate Augustin Pyramus de Candolle (1778 – 1841), a Swiss botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Desf. is used to indicate René Louiche Desfontaines (1750 – 1833), a French botanist.[
Pluchea dioscoridis has a good reputation in folk medicine, it is used in popular medicine for rheumatic pains. It is reported that the decoction of fresh leaves is use in the treatment of epilepsy in children, in colic, as carminative and as remedy for cold. The aromatic leaves of the plant which have a pleasant scent were used in Ancient Egypt to perfume ladies’ hair plaits. In Tanzania, the plant is used by traditional healers as: a decoction of root bark and cooking fat (a few drops) drunk against sterility in women and impotence in men, a decoction of the root to treat colds, the roots and leaves are a stimulant, comforting medicine and an aromatic and the decoction of the leaves is used for curing children and infantile ailments.


Pluchea dioscoridis, Conyza dioscoridis, פלגית שיחנית
Location: Golan Heights