Rubus sanguineus, Rubus sanctus, Holy Bramble, Blackberry,
Hebrew: פטל קדוש, Arabic: العليق المقدس
|| ||Rubus sanguineus Friv.|
|| ||Rubus sanctus Schreb.|
|| ||Holy Bramble, Blackberry|
|| || פטל קדוש|
|| ||العليق المقدس |
|| ||Rosaceae, ורדיים|
|| || Phanerophyte shrub|
|| ||150-450 cm; erect or twining, complicatted branching, hooked thorns|
|| ||Alternate, compound, pinnate or bipinnate, dentate or serrate|
|| ||5 Petals, pink, violet and white|
|Fruits / pods:
|| ||Berry; seeds dispersed via frugivores only after the fruit changes color from red to black|
|| || April, May, June, July, August, September|
|| ||Humid habitats|
|| ||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon|
|| ||Med - Irano-Turanian|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Rubus, Latin name for Blackberry, Bramble, Raspberry.
sanguineus, of blood; blood-colored; bloody.
According to Michael Zohary (1898 - 1983, a pioneering Israeli botanist), the Tzinim or tzininim, rendered 'thorns', is possibly identical with the Rubus sanguineus.
- The standard author abbreviation Friv. is used to indicate Imre Frivaldszky (1799 – 1870), a Hungarian botanist and entomologist.
- The standard author abbreviation Schreb. is used to indicate Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber (1739 – 1810), a German naturalist.
- Numbers 33:55
" 'But if you don't force those people out of the land, they will bring you trouble. They will be like sharp hooks (שִׂכִּים֙) in your eyes and thorns in your sides. They will bring trouble to the land where you live.
- Proverbs 22:5
"Thorns and snares are in the way of the perverse; he who guards himself will keep far from them".
- Luke 6:44
Each tree is known by its own fruit. People don't gather figs from thornbushes, and they don't get grapes from bushes.