|Scientific name:||Saccharum spontaneum L. var. aegyptiacum (Willd.) Hack.|
|Synonym name:||Saccharum aegyptiacum Willd., Saccharum biflorum Forssk.|
|Common name:||Wild sugarcane, Egyptian Sugar Cane|
|Hebrew name:||קנה-סוכר מצרי|
|Arabic name:||قصب السكر, Qasab al-sukkar|
|Family:||Gramineae / Poaceae, דגניים|
|Leaves:||Alternate, entire, smooth|
|Flowering Period:||January, September, October, November, December|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Deserts and extreme deserts|
|Chorotype:||Med - Irano-Turanian - Saharo-Arabian|
Location: Egypt, New Cairo
Derivation of the botanical name:
Saccharum, Greek saccharon, σακχαρον, a sweet juice distilled from bamboo; sugar.
biflorum, bi, twice; floreo, to bloom, to flower; 2 flowered.
Sugarcane was introduced by Arabs to Egypt in 641 CE. Arabs soon became crazy about sugar, and introduced both the plant and the technologies to the Mediterranean Basin. In 714, it arrives in Spain and in 827, it reaches Sicily.
The Crusaders returned with what they perceived to be "sweet salt," after their campaigns in the Holy Land, and the sugar begin to rival honey as the sweetener in Europe.
Wild cane Saccharum spontaneum contains little sugar and is immune to most diseases.