|Scientific name:||Salvia judaica Boiss.|
|Common name:||Judean Sage|
|Hebrew name:||מרוות יהודה|
|Family:||Labiatae / Lamiaceae, שפתניים|
|Leaves:||Opposite, rosette, entire, petiolate; dentate or serrate|
|Flowers:||Violet, borne in distant whorls of 6 to 12 each|
|Flowering Period:||April, May, June|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Salvia, Latin salvere, to save, referring to the long-believed healing properties of salvia. Pliny the Elder was the first known to use the Latin name salvia.
judaica, from the Hebrew יהודה, Yehudah, Judah, the name given to the mountainous southern part of the historic Land of Israel (Hebrew: ארץ ישראל Eretz Yisrael).
The Israeli botanists Dr. Ephraim and Hanah Hareuveni pointed out that the architecture of the vertical inflorescence of this species of Salvia resembles the shape of the Menorah, in particular—the Salvia Palaestina. Therefore, they suggested that it had inspired the design of the Menorah. Moreover, based on etymology perspectives they suggested that the Hebrew word “Marva, מרווה” (Salvia) was originated from the Hebrew word “Moriah” (the Temple Mount name), reflecting the connection between this plant and the Menorah, which was situated inside the Holy Temple in Jerusalem.