Scilla autumnalis, Prospero autumnale, Autumn Squill, Winter ,Hyacinth,
Hebrew, בן-חצב סתווני, Arabic: العنصل الخريفي

Scientific name:  Scilla autumnalis L.
Synonym name:  Prospero autumnale (L.) Speta
Common name:  Autumn Squill, Winter Hyacinth
Hebrew name:  בן-חצב סתווני
Arabic name:  العنصل الخريفي
Family:  Liliaceae, שושניים

Flora of Israel, Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres
Location: Mount Tabor

Life form:  Geophyte
Stems:  5-20 cm; Unbranched scape; smooth, without any hair. Flowering stalk produces racemes of 3-15 flowers
Leaves:  Rosette, 4 to 8 linear shaped leaves, entire, growing directly from the underground bulb
Inflorescence:  Elongating 6-20-flowered raceme
Flowers:  Star-shaped; 6 Violet, dark blue petals with a central longitudinal darker stripe; Ovary situated above the flower parts; 6 erect stamens with firm thick filaments, purple-black anthers; pistil with pink style and stigma; usually white superior ovary
Fruits:  Capsule; seeds, ellipsoid, black, finely rugose
Flowering Period:   October, November, December
Habitat:  Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands
Chorotype:   Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Scilla autumnalis, Autumn Squill, Winter Hyacinth, العنصل الخريفي , בן-חצב סתווני
Location: Mount Tabor

Derivation of the botanical name:
Scilla, squill is an anglicized form of Latin scilla (late Latin squilla), and cognate to other modern European names derived ultimately from Greek oKdX~a (skilla) or OKLXAv, (skille), used by Hippocrates; from the Greek for injure, disturb, excite since of its harmful effects on the stomach and other body parts.
autumnalis, pertaining to autumn.
Prospero, named for Prospero Alpini (1553-1617), an Italian physician and botanist.
The Hebrew name of the genus בן-חצב, ben-hatsov, was given because of the morphological similarities between Scilla and Urginea, for its bulblets and similar flowers, to a hatsov.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Speta is used to indicate Franz Speta (1941-), an Austrian botanist.

Israel wildflowers and native plants
Location: Mount Tabor

Scilla autumnalis, Autumn Squill, Winter Hyacinth, בן-חצב סתווני
Location: Carmel, Muhraka

Scilla autumnalis, Autumn Squill, Winter Hyacinth, בן-חצב סתווני
Location: Carmel, Muhraka