Sherardia arvensis, Little Field Madder, Spurwort,
Hebrew: ששית מצויה, Arabic: شيرردية الحقول

Scientific name:  Sherardia arvensis L.
Common name:   Little Field Madder, Spurwort
Hebrew name:  ששית מצויה
Arabic name:  شيرردية الحقول
Family:  Rubiaceae, פואתיים

Flora of Israel online, native plants, Palestine

Life form:  Therophyte, annual
Leaves:  Whorled, entire
Flowers:  Lilach, pink
Flowering Period:   March, April
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands
Chorotype:  Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Sherardia arvensis, Little Field Madder, Spurwort, ששית מצויה
Location: Bene Zion Nature Reserve

Derivation of the botanical name:
Sherardia, named after William Sherard (1659-1728), the botanist and founder of the Sherardian Professorship of Botany, University of Oxford, UK.
arvensis, arvum, field, cultivated land, plowed land; ensis adjective suffix for nouns: country or place of origin or habitat. Meaning: "of cultivated fields".
The hebrew name: ששית, shishit, from שש / six; calyx 6-toothed, persistent in fruit.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.