Silene aegyptiaca, Egyptian Campion,
Hebrew: ציפורנית מצרית, Arabic: السيلينة المصرية

Scientific name:  Silene aegyptiaca (L.) L. f.
Common name:  Egyptian Campion
Hebrew name:  ציפורנית מצרית
Arabic name:  السيلينة المصرية
Plant Family:  Caryophyllaceae, ציפורניים

פרחים וצמחי בר בארץ ישראל - דיווחי פריחה

Life form:  Therophyte, annual
Stems:  15-20cm in height
Leaves:  Opposite, entire
Flowers:  Hermaphroditic; 5 petals, each petal has two tooth-like projections at the top, and a notch in the base; lilach, pink
Fruits / pods:  Capsule containing many seeds.
Flowering Period:  January, February, March, April
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana,disturbed habitats
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes,
Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:   Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

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Derivation of the botanical name:
Silene, probably from Greek sialon, "saliva," referring to gummy exudation on stems, and/or named for Silenus, intoxicated foster-father of Bacchus (god of wine) who was covered with foam, much like the glandular secretions of many species of this genus.
aegyptiaca, Egyptian.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation L.f. is used to indicate Carolus Linnaeus the Younger (1741–1783),a Swedish naturalist.

Silene aegyptiaca, Egyptian Campion, ציפורנית מצרית


Vilda blommor i Israel
Location: Hararit, Lavra Netofa (Lower Galilee, Misgav), הררית, מבדד נטופה