Sisymbrium erysimoides, Mediterranean rocket,
French Rocket, Smooth Mustard, תודרה מעובה

Scientific name:  Sisymbrium erysimoides Desf.
Common name:  Mediterranean rocket, French Rocket, Smooth Mustard
Hebrew name:  תודרה מעובה
Family:  Cruciferae / Brassicaceae, מצליבים

Native plants of Israel, Nature, Palestine
Location: Jerusalem, Gethsemane

Life form:  Annual
Leaves:  Alternate, dissected, dentate or serrate
Flowers:  Yellow
Fruits / pods:  Homogeneous seeds-fruits
Flowering Period:  January, February, March, April, May
Habitat:  Shrub-steppes, Desert, Disturbed habitats
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:  Med - Saharo-Arabian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

פרחים וצמחי בר בארץ ישראל
Location: Jerusalem, Gethsemane

Derivation of the botanical name:
Sisymbrium, Latinized ancient Greek name used by Dioscorides and Pliny for various species of mustard.
erysimoides, erysimum: from the Greek eryomai, "to help or save," because some of the species supposedly had a medicinal value; like genus Erysimum.
The Hebrew name: תודרה, tudra, sisymbrium.
  • The standard author abbreviation Desf. is used to indicate René Louiche Desfontaines (1750 – 1833), a French botanist.