Sisymbrium irio, London Rocket, Wild Mustard,
Hebrew: תודרה סייגית, Arabic: شليات حويرة, Egypt: فجل إل-جمل "Figl El-Gamal"

Scientific name:  Sisymbrium irio L.
Common name:  London Rocket, Wild Mustard
Hebrew name:  תודרה סייגית
Arabic name:  شليات حويرة
Egypt:  فجل إل-جمل "Figl El-Gamal"
Family:  Cruciferae / Brassicaceae, מצליבים

Israel, Wild flowers, native plants, palestine
Location: Jaffo, Old City

Life form:  Annual
Leaves:  Alternate, dissected, dentate or serrate
Flowers:  Hermaphrodite, yellow
Fruits / pods:  Long, slender, seed pods
Flowering Period:  January, February, March, April, May
Habitat:  Nutrient-rich soils, ruderal
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:  Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Flowers Israel
Location: Jaffo, Old City

Derivation of the botanical name:
Sisymbrium, Latinized ancient Greek name used by Dioscorides and Pliny for various species of mustard.
irio, an old reference to a kind of cress.
London Rocket, first noted by 17th century botanists as growing in great abundance following the great fire of London in 1666.
The Hebrew name: תודרה, tudra, sisymbrium.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.