Solanum nigrum, Black nightshade, Common nightshade, Hound's berry,
Hebrew: סולנום שחור, Arabic:عنب الذيب الأسود, Egypt: عنب الديب "Enab El-Deib"
|| ||Solanum nigrum L.|
|| || Black nightshade, Common nightshade, Hound's berry|
|| ||סולנום שחור|
|| ||عنب الذيب الأسود |
|| ||عنب الديب "Enab El-Deib"|
|| ||Solanaceae, סולניים|
|| ||Up to 70 cm high; stems decumbent to
erect, branched, with costate (having ribs) branches; green to purple|
|| ||Alternate, entire|
|| ||Lateral lax cymes, 4-10-flowered, on 3-5cm long peduncles|
|| ||White, with yellow central anthers; pedicels longer than the flowers, recurved in fruit; calyx-lobes ovate, adhering to the base of the fruit; corolla 2-3 times longer than the calyx|
|Fruits / pods:
|| ||Berries usually broadly
ovoid, dull purple to blackish or yellowish-green, 6-10 mm broad, remaining on
plants or falling from calyces when ripe; seeds 1.7-2.4 mm long, 26 to 60
per berry. berries are poisonous|
|| ||Spring, summer|
|| ||Disturbed ground|
|| ||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon|
|| || Euro-Siberian - Med - Irano-Turanian|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Solanum, Latin for "quieting," in reference to the narcotic properties of some species.
nigrum, black, blackness; referring to the color of the seeds.
- The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.