|Scientific name:||Solanum nigrum L.|
|Common name:||Black nightshade, Common nightshade, Hound's berry|
|Hebrew name:||סולנום שחור|
|Arabic name:||عنب الذيب الأسود|
|Egypt:||عنب الديب "Enab El-Deib"|
|Stems:||Up to 70 cm high; stems decumbent to erect, branched, with costate (having ribs) branches; green to purple|
|Inflorescence:||Lateral lax cymes, 4-10-flowered, on 3-5cm long peduncles|
|Flowers:||White, with yellow central anthers; pedicels longer than the flowers, recurved in fruit; calyx-lobes ovate, adhering to the base of the fruit; corolla 2-3 times longer than the calyx|
|Fruits / pods:||Berries usually broadly ovoid, dull purple to blackish or yellowish-green, 6-10 mm broad, remaining on plants or falling from calyces when ripe; seeds 1.7-2.4 mm long, 26 to 60 per berry. berries are poisonous|
|Flowering Period:||Spring, summer|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon|
|Chorotype:||Euro-Siberian - Med - Irano-Turanian|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Solanum, Latin for "quieting," in reference to the narcotic properties of some species.
nigrum, black, blackness; referring to the color of the seeds.
The Hebrew name: סולנום, solanum, transliteration from the scientific name.