Solanum nigrum, Black nightshade, Common nightshade, Hound's berry,
Hebrew: סולנום שחור, Arabic:عنب الذيب الأسود

Scientific name:  Solanum nigrum L.
Common name:   Black nightshade, Common nightshade, Hound's berry
Hebrew name:  סולנום שחור
Arabic name:  عنب الذيب الأسود "Enab El-Deib"
Family:  Solanaceae, סולניים

Solanum nigrum, Black nightshade, Common nightshade, Hound's berry, عنب الذيب الأسود,סולנום שחור

Life form:  Hemicryptophyte
Stems:  Up to 70 cm high; stems decumbent to erect, branched, with costate (having ribs) branches; green to purple
Leaves:  Alternate, entire
Inflorescence:  Lateral lax cymes, 4-10-flowered, on 3-5cm long peduncles
Flowers:  White, with yellow central anthers; pedicels longer than the flowers, recurved in fruit; calyx-lobes ovate, adhering to the base of the fruit; corolla 2-3 times longer than the calyx
Fruits / pods:  Berries usually broadly ovoid, dull purple to blackish or yellowish-green, 6-10 mm broad, remaining on plants or falling from calyces when ripe; seeds 1.7-2.4 mm long, 26 to 60 per berry. berries are poisonous
Flowering Period:  Spring, summer
Habitat:  Disturbed ground
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:   Euro-Siberian - Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Solanum nigrum, Black nightshade, Common nightshade, Hound's berry, عنب الديب ,סולנום שחור


Derivation of the botanical name:
Solanum, Latin for "quieting," in reference to the narcotic properties of some species.
nigrum, black, blackness; referring to the color of the seeds.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.

Solanum nigrum, Black nightshade, Common nightshade, Hound's berry, عنب الديب ,סולנום שחור