Taraxacum cyprium, Taraxacum megalorrhizon, Cyprus dandelion,
Hebrew: שינן עבה-שורש ,שינן עב-שורש, Arabic: طرخشقون قبرصي

Scientific name:  Taraxacum cyprium H. Lindb.
Synonym name:  Taraxacum megalorrhizon Forssk.
Common name:  Cyprus dandelion
Hebrew name:  שינן עבה-שורש ,שינן עב-שורש
Arabic name:  طرخشقون قبرصي
Family:  Compositae / Asteraceae, Sunflower family מורכבים

Odem forest, Taraxacum cyprium, Taraxacum megalorrhizon, Cyprus dandelion, שינן עבה-שורש ,שינן עב-שורש
Location: Odem Forest, big Guba

Life form:  Hemicryptophyte, perennial
Stems:  Usually erect, sometimes prostrate to ascending (underground stems sometimes woody caudices or rhizomes, sometimes fleshy
Leaves:  All basal, rosette, dissected, pinnate
Inflorescence:  Capitulum solitary, often flat-topped
Flowers:  Hermaphrodite (pollinated by Insects), yellow
Fruits / pods:  Achene, a dry single-seeded fruit formed from a double ovary of which only one develops into a seed
Flowering Period:  January, April, August, September, October, November, December
Habitat:  Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Odem forest, Taraxacum cyprium, Taraxacum megalorrhizon, Cyprus dandelion, שינן עבה-שורש ,שינן עב-שורש
Location: Odem Forest, big Guba


Derivation of the botanical name:
Taraxacum, Greek taraxos, to stir up or exciten, disorder, and akos, remedy. Another possible derivation is from the Arabic name for the dandelion “tarachakum” (meaning wild cherry), “tarakhshaqun” (meaning wild chicory), “tharachschakuh”, “talkh chakok” or “tarashqun” meaning “bitter herb.”
cyprium, Cyprian
megalorrhizon, μεγαϛ, μεγαλον, large, great; wide; long; before a consonant the 'l' on the root 'megal' was dropped; ριζα, root, stem, origin; large root.
  • The standard author abbreviation H. Lindb. is used to indicate Harald Lindberg (1871 - 1963), a Finnish botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Forssk. is used to indicate Peter Forsskål (1732 – 1763), a Swedish explorer, orientalist and naturalist.

Golan Heights, Odem forest, Taraxacum cyprium, Taraxacum megalorrhizon, Cyprus dandelion, שינן עבה-שורש ,שינן עב-שורש
Location: Odem Forest, big Guba


Golan Heights, Nature, Odem forest, Taraxacum cyprium, Taraxacum megalorrhizon, Cyprus dandelion, שינן עבה-שורש ,שינן עב-שורש
Location: Odem Forest, big Guba
Odem means ruby and signifies the red colour of Mount Odem, an extinct volcano.
The Odem forest is a beautiful remnant to the great forest that once covered most of the Golan Heights.
A "Guba" is a volcanic crater and this one is the biggest out of 23 other ones that are all in the area and its diameter is about 250 meters.