Tordylium carmeli, Synelcosciadium carmeli, Carmel Cow-parsnip,
Hebrew: דל-קרניים כרמלי, Arabic: طرديلن كرملي

Scientific name:  Tordylium carmeli (Labill.) Al-Aisawi
Synonym name:  Synelcosciadium carmeli (Labill.) Boiss.
Common name:  Carmel cow parsnip
Hebrew name:  דל-קרניים כרמלי
Arabic name:  طرديلن كرملي
Plant Family:  Umbelliferae / Apiaceae, סוככיים

Israel flowers, wildlfowers

Life form:  hemicryptophyte
Stems:  Erect, terete, ridged, dichotomously branching above, hispid at the base, retrorsely setose above.
Leaves:  Basal and cauline leaves I-pinnate, with 2-3 pairs of leaflets; segments 10-20 x 30-40 mm, ovate, lanceolate, crenate serrate; upper leaves, 1 -pinnate or 3-lobed, the terminal segment lanceolate linear; both sides of the leaves covered with setose to strigose hairs.
Flowers:  Sepals 0.5- 1.5 mm, triangular, unequal, strigose. Petals white, radiate, the outer 5-7 mm, unequally 2-lobed, the lower surface strigose. Stamens 2-3 mm. Styles 1 mm; stylopodium conical, both strigose.
Fruits / pods:  Mericarps 6-8 mm diameter, broadly elliptical to obovate, with thick, smooth margins and covered with strigose hairs.
Flowering Period:   April, May, June
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype, טיפוס התפוצה:   Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Synelcosciadium carmeli, Tordylium carmeli, Carmel Cow-parsnip, דל-קרניים כרמלי

Derivation of the botanical name:
Tordylium, from tordylon, tordylion Τορδυλιον ancient Greek names for an umbelliferous plant.
Synelcosciadium , (= Tordylium L.)
carmeli, of or from the Carmel.
The Hebrew name: דל-קרניים, dal-karnaim dal= poor,thin, weak; karnaim= rays for the inflorescence is sparse, the rays of the awning are few, spacious and spread out, and differing in length.
  • The standard author abbreviation Labill. is used to indicate Jacques Labillardière (1755 – 1834), French naturalist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Al-Aisawi is used to indicate Dawud Al-Eisawi, a Jordanian botanist (the University of Jordan).
  • The standard author abbreviation Boiss. is used to indicate Pierre Edmond Boissier (1810 – 1885), a Swiss botanist, explorer and mathematician.

Synelcosciadium carmeli, Tordylium carmeli, Carmel Cow-parsnip, דל-קרניים כרמלי

Israel wildflowers, Synelcosciadium carmeli, Tordylium carmeli, Carmel Cow-parsnip, דל-קרניים כרמלי

Israel, Flowers, Native plants, Palestine