Torilis japonica, Torilis arvensis, Torilis anthriscus,
Upright Hedge Parsley, Japanese hedge parsley,
Hebrew: גזיר נדיר, Arbic: قميلة يابانية

Scientific name:  Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC.
Synonym name:  Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link, Torilis anthriscus (L.) Bernh.-Rydberg.
Common name:  Upright Hedge Parsley, Japanese hedge parsley
Hebrew name:  גזיר נדיר
Arabic name:  قميلة يابانية
Family:  Apiaceae or Umbelliferae, Carrot / Parsley Family, משפחת הסוככיים

Torilis japonica, Torilis arvensis, Torilis anthriscus,Upright Hedge Parsley, Japanese hedge parsley, גזיר נדיר,  قميلة يابانية

Life form:  Annual
Spinescence:  Fruits
Succulence:  Non-succulent
Stems:  Height 5–90 cm, rigid-hairy, full, reddish–purplish at least at base
Leaves:  Alternate, pinnate, petiolate
Inflorescence:  Axillary and terminal compound umbels
Flowers:   Axillary and terminal compound umbels;5 white unequal petals
Fruits / pods:  Almost spherical, 2-sectioned, with arching spines, 3–4 mm long schizocarp
Flowering Period:  July, August
Habitat:  Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands
Chorotype:  Med + Euro-Siberian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Torilis japonica, Torilis arvensis, Torilis anthriscus,Upright Hedge Parsley, Japanese hedge parsley, גזיר נדיר,  قميلة يابانية


Derivation of the botanical name:
Torilis, Umberto Quattrocchi says "A meaningless name or possibly from toreo "to bore through, to pierce," referring to the prickled fruit.
japonica, Japanese.
  • The standard author abbreviation Houtt. is used to indicate Maarten Houttuyn (1720 – 1798), a Dutch naturalist.
  • The standard author abbreviation DC. is used to indicate Augustin Pyramus de Candolle (1778 – 1841), a Swiss botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Huds. is used to indicate William Hudson (1730 – 1793), a British botanist and apothecary based in London.
  • The standard author abbreviation Link is used to indicate Johann Heinrich Friedrich Link (1767 – 1851), a German naturalist and botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Bernh is used to indicate Johann Jacob Bernhardi (1774 – 1850), a German doctor and botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Rydberg. is used to indicate Per Axel Rydberg (1860 – 1931), a Swedish-born, American botanist who was the first curator of the New York Botanical Garden Herbarium.

Torilis japonica, Torilis arvensis, Torilis anthriscus,Upright Hedge Parsley, Japanese hedge parsley, גזיר נדיר,  قميلة يابانية

*Pictures taken in Ragunda, Sweden (see: www.flowersinsweden.com/Torilisjaponica_page.htm).