Urospermum picroides, Tragopogon picroides,
Prickly goldenfleece, Prickly cupped Goat's Beard,
Hebrew: אזנב מצוי, Arabic: عضيض مريرياني

Scientific name:  Urospermum picroides (L.) F.W. Schmidt
Synonym name:   Tragopogon picroides L.
Common name  Prickly goldenfleece, Prickly cupped Goat's Beard
Hebrew name:  אזנב מצוי
Arabic name:  عضيض مريرياني
Plant Family:  Compositae (Asteraceae), מורכבים

Israel, Flowers, Urospermum picroides, Tragopogon picroides, Prickly goldenfleece, Prickly cupped Goat's Beard, אזנב מצוי

Life form:  Annual
Leaves:  Alternate, simple, stalked, thin, lanceolate to ovate-oblong, 3-6 inches long, 1/2 to 2 inches wide, often broadest at middle, glabrous or somewhat pubescent; bases narrowed; margins conspicuously toothed; tips pointed; upper leaves gradually reduced.
Flowers:  Yellow
Fruits:  Capsules, stiffly erect, 1/4 to 1/2 inch long; seeds chestnut-brown, lustrous.
Flowering Period:  March, April, May
Habitat:  Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:   Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral
Urospermum picroides, Tragopogon picroides, Prickly goldenfleece, Prickly cupped Goat's Beard, אזנב מצוי         Urospermum picroides, Tragopogon picroides, Prickly goldenfleece, Prickly cupped Goat's Beard, אזנב מצוי


Derivation of the botanical name:
Urospermum, Greek oura, a tail, and sperma, a seed, alluding to the tail-like beak of the seeds.
picroides, picro, bitter; resembling Picris, bitter (Theophrastus' name for a bitter potherb).
Tragopogon, Greek tragos, goat; and pogon beard, suggested by its prominent, feathery hairs when in seed.
  • The standard author abbreviation F.W. Schmidt is used to indicate Franz Wilibald Schmidt (1764 - 1796), a Czech botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.

Urospermum picroides, Tragopogon picroides, Prickly goldenfleece, Prickly cupped Goat's Beard, אזנב מצוי