|Scientific name:||Valeriana dioscoridis Sm.|
|Synonym name:||Valeriana italica Lam.|
|Common name:||Italian Valerian|
|Hebrew name:||ולריינה איטלקית|
|Arabic name:||ناردين، أصابع الراعي|
|Stems:||90-120 cm tall; round, grooving, hollow, and terminated with flowering branches, disposed crosswise|
|Leaves:||The leaves are larger at the base of the stem, decreasing in size towards the summit; Opposite, rosette, compound, pinnate or bipinnate, pinnate, smooth margin|
|Flowers:||small, in corymbs, odorous, and interspersed with lanceolate, connate, bearded, waved, pale bractes; the calyx is a slight margin at the top of the germen: the corolla tubular, white with a shade of pink, divided at the margin into five reflected, obtuse segments: the filaments are spreading with the corolla, and support round, yellowish, anthers: the style is shorter, with a trifid stigma|
|Fruits / pods:||Homogeneous seeds-fruits; capsule with feathery pappus, purplish at the base; contains one oblong, ovate, compressed seed|
|Flowering Period:||February, March, April|
|Habitat:||Hard rock outcrops|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Valeriana, possibly from Latin valere, "to be healthy" from its use as a folk medicine in the treatment of nervousness and hysteria.
dioscoridis, to commemmorate Pedanius Dioscorides (Greek: Πεδάνιος Διοσκορίδης; ca. 40 - ca. 90), an ancient Greek physician, pharmacologist and botanist from Anazarbus, Cilicia, Asia Minor.