Verbesina encelioides, Ximenesia encelioides,
Golden Crownbeard, Butter Daisy,
Hebrew: כנפון זהוב, Arabic: زهرة الشمس

Scientific name:  Verbesina encelioides (Cav.) A.Gray
Synonym name:  Ximenesia encelioides Cav.
Common name:  Golden Crownbeard, Butter Daisy
Hebrew name:  כנפון זהוב
Arabic name:  زهرة الشمس
Family:  Compositae / Asteraceae, מורכבים
Verbesina encelioides, Golden Crownbeard, Butter Daisy, כנפון זהוב

Life form:  Therophyte, annual
Stems:  30-150 cm tall, dull green, branching almost from the base; hairy with dense, short, white hairs; flower stem (peduncle) 25 cm long, leafless, erect
Leaves:  Opposite on lower stems and alternate towards the top; long-triangular, irregular teeth; dull green on top, whitish due to dense hairs on underside
Flowers:  Ray flower: ray orange-yellow, generally 8–10 mm, ± 3-lobed; disk flower: corolla 5–6 mm; anthers yellow to light brown
Fruits / pods:  Achene, inner achenes winged with a pappus of 2 bristles; seeds, dark brown becoming olive white
Flowering Period:  Summer
Habitat:  Disturbed habitats
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes
Chorotype:  American
Summer shedding:  ephemeral

Verbesina encelioides, Golden Crownbeard, Butter Daisy,כנפון זהוב


Derivation of the botanical name:
Verbesina from the resemblance of the leaves to those of Verbena.
encelioides, like Encelia; Encelia is named for Christoph Entzelt (1517 - 1583), a German naturalist, an early Lutheran clergyman who Latinized his name to Encelius and published a book called De Re Metallica in 1551 about mineralogy and metallurgy, and also wrote about the medicinal uses of animal parts and plants.
Ximenesia, in honor of Joseph Ximenes, a Spanish apothecary and botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Cav. is used to indicate Antonio José Cavanilles (1745 – 1804), a Spanish taxonomic botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation A.Gray is used to indicate Asa Gray (1810 – 1888), an American botanist.
Crownbeard refers to the hairy inner seeds.

Verbesina encelioides, Golden Crownbeard, Butter Daisy,כנפון זהוב