|Scientific name:||Verbesina encelioides (Cav.) A.Gray|
|Synonym name:||Ximenesia encelioides Cav.|
|Common name:||Golden Crownbeard, Butter Daisy|
|Hebrew name:||כנפון זהוב|
|Arabic name:||زهرة الشمس|
|Family:||Compositae / Asteraceae, מורכבים|
|Life form:||Therophyte, annual|
|Stems:||30-150 cm tall, dull green, branching almost from the base; hairy with dense, short, white hairs; flower stem (peduncle) 25 cm long, leafless, erect|
|Leaves:||Opposite on lower stems and alternate towards the top; long-triangular, irregular teeth; dull green on top, whitish due to dense hairs on underside|
|Flowers:||Ray flower: ray orange-yellow, generally 8–10 mm, ± 3-lobed; disk flower: corolla 5–6 mm; anthers yellow to light brown|
|Fruits / pods:||Achene, inner achenes winged with a pappus of 2 bristles; seeds, dark brown becoming olive white|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Verbesina from the resemblance of the leaves to those of Verbena.
encelioides, like Encelia; Encelia is named for Christoph Entzelt (1517 - 1583), a German naturalist, an early Lutheran clergyman who Latinized his name to Encelius and published a book called De Re Metallica in 1551 about mineralogy and metallurgy, and also wrote about the medicinal uses of animal parts and plants.
Ximenesia, in honor of Joseph Ximenes, a Spanish apothecary and botanist.
Crownbeard refers to the hairy inner seeds.
The hebrew name: knafon, כנפון, for the achenes are flattened and more or less winged (מכונפים).