|Scientific name:||Araucaria heterophylla (Salisb.) Franco|
|Synonym name:||Araucaria excelsa R.Br., Eutassa heterophylla Salisb.|
|Common name:||Norfolk Island pine|
|Hebrew name:||אראוקריה רמה|
|Arabic name:||أروكاريا متغايرة الأوراق|
|Family:||Araucariaceae, ancient family of coniferous trees|
|Life form:||A conical tree 50-70 m. tall, 1.25-1.75 m. in girth|
|Stems:||Bark gray-brown, exfoliating in fine scales; branches in a flat horizontal plane, sometimes pendent, branchlets in whorls of 4-7|
|Leaves:||Foliage dimorphic; juvenile leaves awl-shaped, incurved, green, needle-like, to 1.2 cm long; adult leaves scale-like, 4-5 mm long, incurved, densely arranged, bright dark green; on fertile branchlets overlapping, broadly ovate, spine-tipped, 6 mm long by 4-6 mm wide|
|Flowers:||Inconspicuous and not showy|
|Fruits / pods:||Male cones in clusters, elongated, 4 cm long, yellowish-brown or reddish; microsporophylls acute, margins ciliate, denticulate; female cones, usually high on top of the tree, are broader than long, 12-15 cm long, with triangular scales and a long incurved bract; seeds 2.5-3 cm long by 1.2 cm wide, with broad wings; cotyledons 4, epigeal|
|Flowering Period:||May, June|
|Chorotype:||Norfolk Island (Australia), the island has an area of only 34 square kilometres and is home to the sole native species Araucaria heterophylla. This, however, only has a very small natural distribution area.|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Araucaria, named after the province of Arauco in South Chile.
heterophylla, diversely leaved.