|Scientific name:||Musa acuminata Colla|
|Synonym name:||Musa cavendishii Lamb. ex Paxton, Musa chinensis Lamb. ex Paxton, Musa zebrina Van Houtte ex Planch.|
|Common name:||Edible banana, Banana|
|Hebrew name:||מוז, בננה|
|Arabic name:||موز, Mawz|
|Life form:||Biennial herbaceous plant|
|Stems:||6oo - 760 cm tall; stalks grow from the rhizome; pseudostem, a false stem made of the rolled bases of leaves; approximately 44 leaves will appear before the inflorescence|
|Leaves:||270 cm x 60 cm, Oblong, elliptic, spirally arranged|
|Inflorescence:||Terminal, one flower cluster; many bracts between rows of flowers; female flowers (which can develop into fruit) appear in rows further up the stem from the rows of male flowers|
|Flowers:||White flowers clustered in whorled double rows along a floral stalk, each cluster covered by a thick, waxy, hoodlike bract, purple outside, deep-red within|
|Fruits:||Young fruits, technically "berries", develop from the female flowers, into slender green fingers and turn to yellow|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Musa, named after Antonius Musa (63 - 14BCE), a botanist and physician to Augustus (63 BCE - 14CE), the first Roman emperor.
acuminata, acumino, to make pointed, to sharpen; tapering gradually to a point.
cavendishii, named in honour of William Cavendish (1790 - 1858), 6th Duke of Devonshire, who acquired an early specimen, which he raised in his glasshouse.
zebrina, Latin, zebra, striped.